Question Answer
Beneficence involves which if the following? Active participation of the imaging professional
Doing good
Preventing harm
Nonmaleficence occurs when which of the following takes place? Evil is avoided
Which of the following is a contractual agreement? Informed consent process
The stronger action is Nonmaleficence
The weaker action and concerns of doing good Beneficence
Four conditions that are used in the principle of double affect to asses the proportionality of good and even in an action 1- action must be good or morally indifferent in itself

2- agent must intend only the good effect and not the evil effect

3- evil effect cannot be a means to the good effect

4- proportionality must exist between good and evil effects

Taking part in continuing education and performing risk management procedures help ensure high- quality imaging procedures for the patient True
Gathering information about imaging procedures is a method of participation for ______ in their heath care Patients
Conflicts arise between beneficence and nonmaleficence and may affect patient autonomy True
Explain why beneficence and nonmaleficence are important to the imaging professional.
What are the differences?
Differences between them are active nature of beneficence and passive avoidance of nonmaleficence, which is also the stronger more important concept than beneficence
Give an ex of an act of beneficence and an act of nonmaleficence in imaging services Acts that do good and avoid harm

Radiation
Chemo

What is more important?
The doing of good or the avoidance of harm?
Avoid harm
In what way does the patient exercise personal responsibility over the proportionality of beneficence and nonmaleficence involved in the imaging procedure? Education, gather information that is useful in decision making and critical thinking
______ and _____ agreements help provide patient autonomy Verbal and written
If in doubt, the patient should seek a ___ A second opinion
Medical indications involving the principles of beneficence and nonmaleficence include the goals of the imaging procedure and the probabilities of success True
The standard of care for professionals is: The degree of skill or care employed by a reasonable professional practicing in the same field
The standard of care for imaging professionals is established through: Educational requirements
Curriculum for the imaging sciences
Practice standards
If you are asked to do an imaging job you have not been trained for, you do not need to worry about liability False
In a lawsuit, decisions regarding the appropriate standard of care and violations of those standards are made: By expert testimony
A mistake by an imaging professional that harms a patient can create liability for negligence True
For negligence to be proved, which of these elements must be proved? A duty must be owed
A duty owed is breached
Harm has resulted from the duty being breached
For medical negligence to be proved, which of the following elements must be proved? The standard of care for the health care provider was breached
The patient sustained harm
The harm resulted from the breach of standard of care
The special relationship between heath care providers and patients eliminates the need for a plaintiff to prove that a duty of care exists True
Which of the following is not a source of the standards of care? Advice of co-workers
Standard of care sources: Institutional guidelines
Federal and state statutes
JCAHO guidelines
National patient safety goals include the following: Patient identification
Communication among caregivers
Medication safety
Imaging professionals do not need to pay attention to the national patient safety goals because that do not pertain to imaging False
Documentation is done to: Create a record of an event
Help witness remember the events of an occurrence
Assist in defending a medical malpractice case
Documentation can decrease litigation risks by: Providing an accurate record of what occurred
Holding damages down

But NOT:
Correlating facts related by witnesses

Which of the following is not a method to decrease risk? Taking lunch
What methods help decrease risk Marking films correctly
Following safety regulations
Using proper collimating