Term Definition
proximal closer to the center
distal further away from the center
anteria (ventral) front side
posterior (dorsal) back side
lateral out to the side
medial toward the middle
cranial toward the top
caudal toward the bottom
superior above
inferior below
prone lying down on belly
supin lying down on back
contralateral opposite side
ispilateral same side
unilateral one side
bilateral both sides
dorsum the top of the hand or foot
plantar the sole of the foot
palmar the palm of the hand
sagittal divides the body in half right to left
coronal divides the body into slices front to back
transverse divides the body from top to bottom