Term Definition
popular sovereignty the idea that political power belongs to the people
Wilmot Proviso a document stating neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory
sectionalism favoring the interest of one region or section over the interest of the entire country
Free Soil Party a political party formed in 1848 by anti slavery northerners who left the wig and democratic parties because neither addressed the slavery issue
secede formally withdraw from the union
The Compromise of 1850 Henry Clay proposed agreement that allowed California to enter the union as a free state and divided the rest of the Mexican session into two sections where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty
Fugitive Slave Act started in 1850, a law that made it a crime to help runaway slaves
Uncle Tom's Cabin an anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe that showed northerners the violent reality of slavery and drew many people to the abolitionists office
Anthony Burns a fugitive slave from Virgina who was arrested in Boston
Harriett Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and spoke out powerfully against slavery
Franklin Pierce politician that supported the Fugitive Slave Act therefore southerners trusted him
Steven Douglas supported the idea of building a RxR to the pacific ocean
Kansas Nebraska Act a plan that would divide the remainder of Louisiana Purchase into two territories Kansas and Nebraska and allow the people in each territory to decide on the question of slavery
The Pottawatomie Massacre an independent in which John Brown and 7 other men murdered pro-slavery Kansans
Charles Sumner a senator from Massachusetts who criticized pro-slavery people in Kansas who also insulted Andrew Pickins Butler
Preston Brooks used a walking cane to beat Sumner unconscious in the senate chambers
Republican Party a political party that united against the spread of slavery in the west
James Buchanan From Pennsylvania, secretary of state.
John C. Fremont Republican candidate with little political experience and was against the spread of slavery
Dred Scott a slave of Dr. John Emerson that moved to Illinois who tried to sue his master for his freedom
Roger B Taney chief justice from a slave holding family in Maryland and wrote the majority opinion in the Dred Scott decision
Lincoln Douglas Debates when Lincoln challenged Dougas for presidency
Freeport Doctrine a statement made by Stephen Douglas during the Lincoln Douglas debates
John Brown Raid an indecent in which John Brown and 20 other men captured an arsenal in Harpsferry in hoping to start a rebellion
John C Breckingridge was from Kentucky and supported slavery and territories
Constitutional Union Party recognize no political principals other than the constitution of the country